Pilikula Arboretum

An arboretum (a garden comprising woody species of plants, i.e. trees and shrubs) extending over an area of 35 hectares has been established at Pilikula Nisargadhama where about 60,000 seedlings belonging to 236 taxa of flowering plants of Western Ghats, spread over 60 families have been planted randomly as well as family clusters. They include 70 taxa endemic to the Western Ghats region. The arboretum also includes 6 acres devoted to medicinal plants with more than 460 varieties, often visited by students of botany and Ayurvedic medicine.


Western Ghat is identified as one of the ecological hotspots of the world. A number of species endemic to the Western Ghats are now endangered due to human invasion and urbanization. Under the Indo Norwegian Environment programme, an arboretum has been developed in about 80 acres of land. Here plants of more than 235 endangered species have been planted and maintained.
A plant nursery has been developed to cater the interest of the visitors. A programme of planting 60,000 plants of belonging to 235 species at the same place is completed. For bringing about awareness that ‘protecting plants is protecting nature’ among school children several programmes related to ecology and environment are conducted in schools by formation of Eco-clubs. Efforts are being made also to sensitize general public especially members of self help groups on ecological protection.

For the protection of rare endangered plants of Western Ghats, a green house has been set up in the arboretum. Orchidiriums have been constructed to grow decorative wild orchids of Western Ghats. Vanilla plantation has been developed in a separate green house.

Growing Jasmine is a profitable job in Dakshina Kannada district. Small farmers and members of self-help group are being given training and guidance about ‘Jasmine culture’. Demonstrations are conducted for producing vermin compost, compost making from organic waste, growing medicinal and decorative plants.

A nursery set up here is functioning as a source of income. Plants are distributed at nominal rates to encourage gardening and growing trees. Bamboosetum with 28 species of Bamboos is developed. Different species of Canes are also planted.

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